rlebeau on master
upgraded Delphi XE projects by … added Delphi XE project group Merge pull request #411 from co… (compare)
BasicAuthenticationhas to be set before you send a request, since it helps govern the type of authentication sent in the request. The only way to determine the server's desired authentication type(s) is to send a request, even if just
HEAD, and see how the server responds. The authentication(s) are specified in the response's
Proxy-Authenticateheaders. If you plan on having TIdHTTP handle authentication,
hoInProcessAuthshould always be set. At the very least, it needs to be set before the response is parsed, so you could set it dynamically in the
OnHeadersAvailableevent, for instance. If
hoInProcessAuthis not set, you have to handle authentication manually by checking the
TIdHTTP.ResponseCodeand then setting the
TIdHTTP.Request.CustomHeaders.Values['Authorization']on the next request.
hoInProcessAuth = Trueand
BasicAuthentication = Falseand retry the GET request.
MaxAuthRetriesis still on default = 3) request instead of 1. Every request still has a basic proxy-authorization set.
BasicAuthentication=True, or the server actually requests
Proxy-Authenticate, or you force
TIdBasicAuthenticationdirectly. When TIdHTTP receives 407, the only ways that
OnSelectProxyAuthorizationwould not be triggered are either 1)
MaxAuthRetries, or 2)
ProxyParams.Authenticationis already assigned an auth class. After an auth class has been assigned, the only ways that
OnProxyAuthorizationwould not be triggered are either 1)
ProxyParams.ProxyPasswordis blank, or 2) the authentication class doesn't request user input (
TIdAuthentication.Next()does not return
wnAskTheProgram). You are going to have to step into Indy's souce code with the debugger to figure out what TIdHTTP is really doing during its 407 processing. TIdHTTP should be handling the retry requests for you. Make sure the credentials you are using are accurate. If they are not working, maybe the NTLM request is being malformed, so the proxy keeps rejecting it.
var LIdHTTP : TIdHTTP; LSSLIOHandler : TIdSSLIOHandlerSocketOpenSSL; LRequestStr, LResult : String; begin LRequestStr := 'https://www.google.com'; LIdHTTP := TIdHTTP.Create(nil); try // Setup of TidHTTP that supposedly works with Squid SSPINTLM authentication. LSSLIOHandler := TIdSSLIOHandlerSocketOpenSSL.Create(LIdHTTP); LSSLIOHandler.SSLOptions.Method := TIdSSLVersion.sslvTLSv1_2; LIdHTTP.IOHandler := LSSLIOHandler; LIdHTTP.HandleRedirects := True; LIdHTTP.AllowCookies := True; LIdHTTP.ConnectTimeout := 10000; LIdHTTP.ReadTimeout := 10000; LIdHTTP.Request.BasicAuthentication := True; LIdHTTP.HTTPOptions := LIdHTTP.HTTPOptions + [hoKeepOrigProtocol] + [hoInProcessAuth] + [hoNoProtocolErrorException] + [hoWantProtocolErrorContent]; LIdHTTP.ProtocolVersion := pv1_1; LIdHTTP.ProxyParams.ProxyServer := 'proxy'; LIdHTTP.ProxyParams.ProxyPort := 3128; LResult := LIdHTTP.Get(LRequestStr); CheckEquals(200, LIdHTTP.ResponseCode); finally LIdHTTP.Free; end; end;
TIdHTTP.OnSelectProxyAuthorizationevent if the
TIdHTTP.ProxyParams.Authenticationproperty is not assigned, and then the
TIdHTTP.OnProxyAuthorizationevent to ask for new credentials if needed. Neither of which you have assigned event handlers to. If authentication cannot be performed at all (unsupported auth scheme, no credentials provided, retry limit reached, etc), TIdHTTP should exit if
hoNoProtocolErrorExceptionis set, otherwise it will raise an exception. If authentication can proceed, TIdHTTP will try to perform it if
hoInProcessAuthis set, otherwise it should exit and you will have to send a new request with proxy authentication added.
CONNECTverb. And yes, it is looped, because it may take multiple HTTP requests to satisfy authentication, HTTP redirects, etc. The loop is hard-coded to "False" because the number of iterations needed is unknown. The inner body of the loop needs to decide when to exit the loop.
hoNoProtocolErrorExceptionwas never intended to be used with proxy handling. The loop in question does not look at the return value of
LLocalHTTP.ProcessResponseto break the loop if needed. A similar loop is in
TIdCustomHTTP.DoRequest(), but it does look at the return value and act accordingly. So similar logic will have to be added to
TIdCustomHTTP.ConnectToHost()when communicating with a proxy
hoWantProtocolErrorContent, and then catch the raised
EIdHTTPProtocolException. The response code will be in the exception's
ErrorCodeproperty, and any body content will be in the
Thanks for the response, very much appreciated. I only added
hoWantProtocolErrorContent) this morning as otherwise the code below the
Get() would never run etc. and when it failed, the raised exception didn't make it particularly obvious initially what had failed where (whereas having the Check like fail would've been rather more direct) so I thought I'd rather just stop the whole exception thing and check the result code, whatever it may be.
Anyway given what you've said however I'll remove these again and make do with catching the exception instead as suggested for now.
Aside from this I'm still puzzled about the test failing now with a 407 in the first place. I'm trying to understand and reconcile your explanation with the fact that this code was working previously through this proxy, and to add which works (still) with NTLMSSP via Chrome and Firefox with no problems.
So I'm slightly puzzled regarding the auth, how this worked at all in the past then, seemingly by some fluke, since if I understand you correctly you're implying that the above code could not auth properly against an NTLM proxy due to missing event handlers/properties? Or am I misunderstanding you? (I've added IdHTTPSSPI and IdHTTPNTLM units to the above code, which was previously missing to ensure these were registered but hasn't made a difference... shouldn't the presence of these units register the necessary handlers so that
hoInProcessAuth makes Indy deal with the authentication? I'm obviously being stupid about something... sorry!)
TIdSSPINTLMAuthenticationsucceeds (SSPI uses credentials stored in the calling thread, and the OS handles the actual authentication data) whereas
TIdNTLMAuthenticationfails (it requires username/password, and performs authentication manually). Just adding the IdAuthentication units to your
usesclause to register the classes does not guarantee success, you still have to make sure things are setup correctly in
TIdHTTP. There is just not enough information to go on to diagnose what the actual problem is. You are going to have to debug it further.
@rlebeau Thanks. The proxy was definitely not just allowing unauthenticated access previously. However there has been some changes to the proxy config I've been told to improve security so this adds an unknown, which apparently may result in 407 errors on some sites. Google however is not one of these.
Leaving that aside, I've however since discovered another variable, which is that Google seems to be processing the request differently to before.
That, is, it turns out that
https://www.google.com now returns a redirect (HTTP 302) and not a direct HTTP 200; It looks like, with Indy, this is being somehow associated to the tail end of Authentication processing and ends up in effect appearing as a 407 failure. (As opposed to with Chrome/Firefox where it redirects and works as expected.)
If I however change the code to directly fetch the HTTP redirected URL, then Indy succeeds to fetch the page via the proxy (with NTLMSSP) without issue and the test passes.
So, there still seems to be something strange going on. All else being equal I should not arguably be seeing different behaviour between the browser and an Indy client, on the same PC, using the same Windows login, working through the same proxy that only allows NTLM authentication, I'd say, in the case of an immediate redirect, wouldn't you agree? (Again, both Indy and browser works as expected if no immediate redirect is present and you just fetch the URL directly.)
As an aside, I traced the code and Indy is detecting NTLM as the (only requested/allowable) auth protocol from the proxy and automatically opting to use
TIdSSPINTLMAuthentication class, due to the registration of same in unit initialization. As you'll see I did start out adding handlers etc for
OnProxyAuthorization() but it turned out to be unnecessary.
type TAuth = class procedure DoSelectAuthorization(Sender: TObject; var AuthenticationClass: TIdAuthenticationClass; AuthInfo: TIdHeaderList); procedure DoProxyAuthorization (Sender: TObject; Authentication: TIdAuthentication; var Handled: Boolean); end; procedure TAuth.DoSelectAuthorization(Sender: TObject; var AuthenticationClass: TIdAuthenticationClass; AuthInfo: TIdHeaderList); begin //It turns out AuthenticateClass is already set to TIdSSPINTLMAuthentication by //TIdCustomHTTP.DoOnProxyAuthorization when this event is called. // //It does this by inspecting AResponse.ProxyAuthenticate //list to see what protocols are requested/supported by the proxy and then //trying to look up a suitable registered class to use to handle the requirement. // //In our case this of course contains 'NTLM' which results in TIdSSPINTLMAuthentication //being looked up as appropriate class to use. //TIdSSPINTLMAuthentication gets looked up because this class was previously //automatically registered by idAuthenticationSSPI unit initialization //via line 1320 call to RegisterAuthenticationMethod('NTLM', TIdSSPINTLMAuthentication); //which registers it into global "AuthList". It is registered by inclusion in uses clause //via IdAuthenticationSSPI (or IdAllAuthentications). //Consequently we don't have to provide anything here and I instead just //assert here that we're using the expected auth class instead: Assert(AuthenticationClass = TIdSSPINTLMAuthentication); end; procedure TAuth.DoProxyAuthorization (Sender: TObject; Authentication: TIdAuthentication; var Handled: Boolean); begin //This is never called? (Presumably since not applicable because with SSP (single sign-on protocol) //the NTLM response is generated automatically.) ShowMessage(Authentication.Authentication); Assert(Authentication.Authentication <> ''); end; procedure TTextMagicTests.test_SSL_proxy_access_to_google_via_NTLMSSP; var LIdHTTP : TIdHTTP; LSSLIOHandler : TIdSSLIOHandlerSocketOpenSSL; LRequestStr, LResult : String; LAuth : TAuth; begin //Using 'https://www.google.com' as LRequestStr results in HTTP 302 from google //which seems to result in what ends up looking like a 407 Indy Exception to //the Delphi code... // //Why is this? It seems incorrect behaviour. Indy should just deal with the //redirect, like a browser does faced with the same situation. // //Probably not the right diagnosis, but currently it seems Indy is seemingly //conflating the 302 as the tail-end "error" of proxy auth protocol (maybe?) //and is then surfacing the whole lot as the original 407 exception/response. // //However when using the redirected URL instead, the proxy auth works as expected //and no problems occur, and the test passes. So there the SSPINTLM auth works //correctly, aside from this specfic situation, it seems. LRequestStr := 'https://www.google.co.uk/?gfe_rd=cr&ei=aeJQWc2JM6nHXpaklfgG'; LIdHTTP := TIdHTTP.Create(nil); LAuth := TAuth.Create; try LSSLIOHandler := TIdSSLIOHandlerSocketOpenSSL.Create(LIdHTTP); LIdHTTP.IOHandler := LSSLIOHandler; LSSLIOHandler.SSLOptions.Method := TIdSSLVersion.sslvTLSv1_2; //The following 2 lines are unnecesary as SSPI is used automatically due to //registration of TIdSSPINTLMAuthentication as handler for NTLM. //The proxy below only supports NTLM as well. They are kept in for context. LIdHTTP.OnSelectProxyAuthorization := LAuth.DoSelectAuthorization; LIdHTTP.OnProxyAuthorization := LAuth.DoProxyAuthorization; LIdHTTP.HandleRedirects := True; LIdHTTP.AllowCookies := True; LIdHTTP.ConnectTimeout := 10000; LIdHTTP.ReadTimeout := 10000; LIdHTTP.HTTPOptions := LIdHTTP.HTTPOptions + [hoKeepOrigProtocol] + [hoInProcessAuth]; LIdHTTP.ProtocolVersion := pv1_1; LIdHTTP.ProxyParams.Clear; LIdHTTP.ProxyParams.BasicAuthentication := False; LIdHTTP.ProxyParams.ProxyServer := 'proxy'; LIdHTTP.ProxyParams.ProxyPort := 3128;
try LResult := LIdHTTP.Get(LRequestStr); except on E:EIdHTTPProtocolException do begin Fail('HTTP Error code: ' + IntToStr(E.ErrorCode)); end; end; CheckEquals(200, LIdHTTP.ResponseCode); finally LAuth.Free; LIdHTTP.Free; end; end;
TIdHTTPProtocol.ProcessResponse(). The very first thing it does after validating the response headers is check for a 3xx redirect and handle it, otherwise it checks for 4xx authentication and handle it, otherwise it checks for 2xx success and handles it, otherwise it fails.
try with AContext.Connection.IOHandler do begin CheckForDataOnSource(10); if not InputBufferIsEmpty then begin RxBufStr := InputBuffer.ExtractToString(-1, IndyTextEncoding_UTF8); Log(RxBufStr); AContext.Binding.SendTo(AContext.Binding.PeerIP, 7, RxBufStr, Id_IPv4); IdBuffer.Extract() end; end; finally end;
TIdBuffer.ExtractString(), especially with a text encoding involved. You are reading arbitrary bytes and assuming they constitute a complete sequence of characters, which is not guaranteed, so the bytes may not decode to a string properly. And, you shouldn't be calling
Binding.SendTo()directly at all (and besides, using
sendto()on a TCP/IP socket is meaningless anyway, the destination parameters are ignored so it acts the same as
send()). This kind of code is a good way to bypass TIdTCPServer's ability to auto-stop its client threads. It expects an exception to be raised when the socket is closed, but you are not allowing it to raise anything. The correct thing to do would be to use
TIdIOHandler.ReadBytes()instead, letting it block until new bytes arrive and raise an exception if the client disconnects or the server is being shutting down. And use
var RxBufStr: string; begin with AContext.Connection.IOHandler do begin CheckForDataOnSource(10); CheckForDisconnect; // <-- add this if not InputBufferIsEmpty then begin RxBufStr := InputBufferAsString(IndyTextEncoding_8Bit); // <-- don't assume any encoding Log(RxBufStr); Write(RxBufStr, IndyTextEncoding_8Bit); // <-- use TIdIOHandler.Write() instead end; end; end;
var RxBuf: TIdBytes; begin with AContext.Connection.IOHandler do begin ReadBytes(RxBuf, -1); Log(RxBuf); Write(RxBuf); end; end;
TIdTCPServer. For logging, you can assign a
TIdLogEvent, etc) to the
AContext.Connection.IOHandler.Interceptproperty, such as in the
TIdHTTPmore chances to continue authentication attempts. Please don't assume what you think is happening, debug and find out exactly what is really happening.
TIdTCPServeris to use blocking I/O that follows a defined protocol, raising exceptions on errors/disconnects/shutdowns, and let the server handle the exceptions. If you skip that logic, you become responsible for handling certain things manually, like shutdown. For instance, you could set a variable before setting
Active=False(or, just look at
Activeitself, since it is toggled to false before thread shutdowns occur), and then have
OnExecutelook at that variable, and if set then call
AContext.Connection.Disconnect, or raise your own exception, before exiting the event.
Log()itself is deadlocking, such as if it tries to synchronize with the main UI thread while the main UI thread is blocked waiting for the server to finish shutdown. Do not synchronize with the thread that is shutting down the server, that is a guaranteed deadlock. Either skip the synched operation during shutdown, or use a separate worker thread to shutdown the server so syncs can still be processed.