These are chat archives for camperbot/bonfire-truncate-a-string

6th
Jan 2016
chnet
@coins4me
Jan 06 2016 07:44
Bonfire Truncate a string
CamperBot
@camperbot
Jan 06 2016 07:44

:fire:Bonfire: Truncate a string :link:

function truncate(str, num) {
  // Clear out that junk in your trunk
  return str;
}

truncate('A-tisket a-tasket A green and yellow basket', 11);

Truncate a string (first argument) if it is longer than the given maximum string length (second argument). Return the truncated string with a '...' ending.

more info:  bf details | bf links | hint

chnet
@coins4me
Jan 06 2016 07:44
hint
CamperBot
@camperbot
Jan 06 2016 07:44

hint [1/7]

## :construction: After this are possible spoiler hints.

Make sure you've tried to hard to solve it yourself before proceeding. :construction:

type hint for next hint :pencil: [Contribute at the FCC Wiki]

chnet
@coins4me
Jan 06 2016 07:45
hs
hint
CamperBot
@camperbot
Jan 06 2016 07:45

hint [2/7]

# Explanation:

We need to reduce the length of the string or truncate it if it is longer than the given maximum lengths specified and add ... to the end. If it is not that long then we keep it as is.

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chnet
@coins4me
Jan 06 2016 07:45
hint
CamperBot
@camperbot
Jan 06 2016 07:45

hint [3/7]

Hint: 1

Strings are immutable in JavaScript so we will need a new variable to store the truncated string.

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chnet
@coins4me
Jan 06 2016 07:45
hint
CamperBot
@camperbot
Jan 06 2016 07:45

hint [4/7]

Hint: 2

You will need to use slice and specify where to start and where to stop.

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chnet
@coins4me
Jan 06 2016 07:45
hint
CamperBot
@camperbot
Jan 06 2016 07:45

hint [5/7]

Hint: 3

Do not forget that when we truncate the word, we also must count the length added by ...

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chnet
@coins4me
Jan 06 2016 07:46
hint
CamperBot
@camperbot
Jan 06 2016 07:46

hint [6/7]

Spoiler Alert!

687474703a2f2f7777772e796f75726472756d2e636f6d2f796f75726472756d2f696d616765732f323030372f31302f31302f7265645f7761726e696e675f7369676e5f322e676966.gif

Solution ahead!

type hint for next hint :pencil: [Contribute at the FCC Wiki]

chnet
@coins4me
Jan 06 2016 07:46
hint
CamperBot
@camperbot
Jan 06 2016 07:46

hint [7/7]

Code Solution:

function truncate(str, num) {
  if (str.length <= num)
    return str;

  if (num <= 3)
    return str.substr(0,num) + "...";

  return str.substr(0,num-3) + "...";
}

Code Explanation:

First we need an if-statement to test if the length of the full string passed in as the first argument already fits within the size limit passed in as the second argument. If so we can just return the string that was passed in.

if (str.length <= num)
  return str;

Then we need to check if the num fits into our special case, where the desired length is less than or equal to three. In this case we will return the string trimmed to our target length, followed by "...". We don't need to worry about the "..." being counted against the length of our output string in this case.

if (num <= 3)
  return str.substr(0,num) + "...";

Finally, we write the return for what happens when neither of the previous if-statements have been true. This call to substr() gives us a string that is 3 less than the target length specified by num, which is done so that we have room to add on the "..." and fit within that target.

return str.substr(0,num-3) + "...";

Credits:

If you found this page useful, you can give thanks by copying and pasting this on the main chat: Thanks @Rafase282 @richyvk @ltegman for your help with Bonfire: Truncate a String

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